Testing Time: 30 minutes to 1 hour
Scoring: Manual or online
- Picture Vocabulary – measures a child’s understanding of the meaning of spoken English words (semantics, listening)
- Relational Vocabulary – measures a child’s understanding and ability to orally express the relationships between two spoken stimulus words (semantics, organizing)
- Oral Vocabulary – measures a child’s ability to give oral definitions to common English words that are spoken by the examiner (semantics, speaking)
- Syntactic Understanding – measures a child’s ability to comprehend the meaning of sentences (grammar, listening)
- Sentence Imitation – measures a child’s ability to imitate English sentences (grammar, organizing)
- Morphological Completion – measures a child’s ability to recognize, understand, and use common English morphological forms (grammar, speaking)
- Word Discrimination – measures a child’s ability to recognize the differences in significant speech sounds (phonology, listening)
- Word Analysis – measures a child’s ability to segment words into smaller phonemic units (phonology, organizing)
- Word Articulation – measures a child’s ability to utter important English speech sounds (phonology, speaking)
- All new normative data (N = 1,007) stratified by age to conform to those of the projected U.S. school-age population for the year 2015 reported in ProQuest Statistical Abstract of the United States 2017, and are thereby representative of the U.S. population.
- New studies of the floors, ceilings, and item gradients for the TOLD-P:5’s subtests and composites were conducted. The results indicated that the test has consistently excellent ability across all ages and ability levels to not only measure students’ spoken language ability but also detect minor fluctuations in those abilities.
- New studies of test bias (both differential item functioning and subgroup comparison studies) were conducted that indicated that the test possesses little or no bias in regard to gender, race, or ethnicity.
- New extensive criterion-prediction validity studies were conducted to demonstrate the validity of the TOLD-P:5’s subtests and composites, including diagnostic accuracy analyses. Diagnostic accuracy analyses are particularly rigorous techniques for establishing validity, involving the computation of a test’s sensitivity index, specificity index, and ROC/AUC. These studies indicated that the test is a highly valid measure of spoken language ability.
- New extensive studies of construct-identification validity, including studies of age differences, subgroup performance, relationship to achievement, and confirmatory factor analysis of the text’s structure, were conducted. These studies indicated that the test’s internal structure is sound and its results are valid for a wide variety of subgroups, as well as for a general population.
- All new Online Scoring and Report System is now included and provides and efficient and easy way to obtain TOLD-P:5 scores and corresponding narrative.