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Phonological Awareness Test (PAT-2: NU), Second Edition, Kit

Phonological Awareness Test (PAT-2: NU), Second Edition, Kit

Second Edition: Normative Update

By Carolyn Robertson & Wanda Salter

Grades K - 4

Ages 5 - 9

Regular price $279.00 CAD
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Assess phonological awareness in young children to identify their oral language proficiency and create a personalized literacy development plan.

Ages: 5-0 to 9-11
Testing Time: 40 to 50 minutes
Administration: Individual
Scoring: Manual
Test Level: B

The PAT-2:NU is a standardized assessment of phonological awareness, phoneme-grapheme correspondence, and phonemic decoding skills. Test results help educators focus on those aspects of oral language that may not be systematically targeted in classroom reading instruction. 

The Phonological Awareness Test is comprehensive and includes a wide variety of tasks. Performance on each of these tasks has been correlated with success in early reading and spelling. The straightforward, developmental format lets you easily tease out specific skills and plan effective interventions.

PAT-2: NU Subtests

The PAT-2: NU test contains six core subtests. These subtests measure students' awareness of spoken syllables and phonemes in students ages 5 through 9 years of age. The subtests include:

  1. Rhyming. Discrimination and Production: Identify rhyming pairs and provide a rhyming word.
  2. Segmentation. Sentences, Syllables, and Phonemes: Divide by words, syllables, and phonemes.
  3. Isolation. Initial, Final, and Medial: Identify sound position in words.
  4. Deletion. Compound Words, Syllables, and Phonemes: Manipulate root words, syllables, and phonemes in words.
  5. Substitution with Manipulatives. Isolate a phoneme in a word, then change it into another phoneme to form a new word.
  6. Blending. Syllables and Phonemes: Blend units of sound to form new words

Supplemental Subtests

The PAT-2: NU test kit also contains two supplemental subtests. These supplemental subtests measure students' knowledge of sound/symbol correspondence in isolation and in practice. The supplemental subtests include:

  1. Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence. Assesses knowledge of sound/symbol correspondence for consonants, vowels, consonant blends, consonant digraphs, r-controlled vowels, vowel diagraphs, and diphthongs.
  2. Phonemic Decoding. Assesses general knowledge of sound/symbol correspondence to blend sounds into nonsense words

The PAT-2:NU Consists of Five Components

  1. Examiner's Manual.Includes a comprehensive discussion of the test's theoretical and research-based foundation, item development, standardization, administration and scoring procedures, norm tables, and guidelines for using and interpreting the test's results.
  2. Examiner Record Booklets. Provides space to record responses; transform raw scores to age equivalents, percentile ranks, and scaled scores; and calculate the Phonological Awareness Index and the Phoneme-Grapheme Index.
  3. Manipulative Blocks. For the Substitution subtest.
  4. Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence Stimuli Booklet.Includes the items for the Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence subtest.
  5. Phonemic Decoding Stimuli Booklet. Includes the items for the Phonemic Decoding subtest.

The complete PAT-2:NU Test Kit Includes:

  • Examiner's Manual
  • Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence Stimuli Booklet
  • Phonemic Decoding Stimuli Booklet
  • Manipulative Blocks
  • 25 Examiner Record Booklets
  • Sturdy storage box

Reliability and Validity

Reliability and validity studies were conducted with individuals with typical language ability and individuals who had been previously diagnosed with a language impairment or received other special education services. The average coefficient alpha ranges between .83 and .92 for the subtests and is .96 for the Phonological Awareness Index and .97 for the Phoneme-Grapheme Index.

The validity of the test composites was demonstrated by correlations to the CTOPP-2 Phonological Awareness Composite. The coefficient for the Phonological Awareness Index was .92, and the coefficient for the Phoneme-Grapheme Index was .94, both nearly perfect.

New Features of PAT-2: NU

  • The Examiner's Manual was reorganized and rewritten to provide more detailed information on the administration, interpretation, and statistical characteristics of the test.
  • Description of the Test
  • Characteristics of the normative sample were stratified by age relative to region, gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic factors, and other critical variables are the same as those reported for the school-age population reported the Statistical Abstract of the United States 2016 (ProQuest, LLC, 2016).
  • Each item on the test was evaluated using both conventional item analysis to choose good items and differential analyses to find and eliminate potentially biased items.
  • The subtests and composite scores were thoroughly examined for floor and ceiling effects.
  • Criterion-prediction validity is evidenced by correlations with, and comparison of mean and standard deviations of, the CTOPP-2 Phonological Awareness Composite Score.
  • New normative scores for the subtests were calculated in terms of scaled scores that have a mean of 10 and a standard deviation of 3.
  • The Total Score was divided into the Phonological Awareness Index and the Phoneme-Grapheme Index. These scores are calculated as composite scores (another type of standard score) with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. The composites reflect direct linear transformations of the sums of scaled scores and give equal weight to each of the subtests that comprise the Phonological Awareness Index and Phoneme-Grapheme Index.


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